Warning! Toxic to Cats: Food and Household Dangers to Keep Away from Kitty
Did you know that you most likely have a number of items in your house right now that are toxic to cats? Although cats are less likely than dogs to gobble up things that they shouldn't, there are still some common household items that can cause them serious harm. These can include very unassuming, common items or human food that can lead to serious health complications.
Toxic & Dangerous Foods
- Onions and garlic: Similar to dogs, excessive or concentrated amounts of onion and garlic can be damaging to your cat's red blood cells, which can ultimately lead to anemia. Although they're sometimes seen in cat food, when these two ingredients eaten in large quantities your cat may suffer from lethargy, weakness, pale gums, a reduced appetite or red or orange urine.
- Chocolate: Contains substances called methylxanthines, which can also be found in caffeinated drinks. Methylxanthines can cause a number of symptoms including vomiting and diarrhea, high body temperature, muscle tremors, abnormal heart rhythm, seizures and more.
- Grapes and raisins: Even small amounts of these are very dangerous to cats, showing symptoms such as vomiting in as little as 12 hours and eventually leading to kidney failure. The weird thing? We aren't quite sure why.
- Alcohol: Cats simply aren't built to ingest alcohol, which can cause cause vomiting, diarrhea, disorientation, breathing difficulties, coma, and even death. This also goes for any food that contains alcohol, or can cause alcohol to form in the stomach, such as raw dough.
- Raw eggs and raw meat: Feeding your cat raw meat and raw eggs will run the risk of salmonella or E. coli poisoning in your cat. The symptoms are similar to those seen in humans: vomiting, diarrhea and lethary are common. Meanwhile, raw eggs can lead to skin and coat problems due to an enzyme that they contain.
- Raw bones: While dogs can benefit from chewing on a bone, the same can't be said for cats, who may choke on them or injure their digestive tract.
- Milk and dairy: It's true that some cats go crazy for milk - but sadly, it's not very good for them. The lactose in milk can lead to an upset stomach and diarrhea, since cats really only drink milk while nursing from their mother and therefore have not developed to properly digest it later in life. If you really want to treat your cat to some milk, there's lactose-reduced cat and kitten milk available in many supermarkets.
It is a little known fact that cats and lilies do not mix. The most common culprit of lily toxicity in cats are the Lilium or Hermerocallis ('Daylily') species that are commonly found in gardens and floral arrangements. Even if a cat consumes a very small amount of any part of these lilies, it could result in kidney failure or death. If you have a cat at home it is best to avoid lilies altogether to be on the safe side.
Although our feline friends are known for their cleanliness, they do not always mix well with common household cleaners. Benzalkonium chloride is a disinfectant added to many cleaning products, if your cat licks or walks over a surface that is wet with one of these products it can result in painful ulceration of the paws or tongue. This problem can be avoided by waiting for the area treated with the product to dry before allowing your cat to have access to it. Alternatively or by using an another product that does not contain Benzalkonium chloride.
As a general rule it is you should never give human medication to your pets. Paracetamol poses an especially serious threat to cats. Unlike humans, cats do not have an enzyme involved in the breakdown of paracetamol on the body. Because of this only very small doses of paracetamol may cause irreversible liver damage or death.
Permethrin Based Flea Prevention
Some flea and tick preventatives that are perfectly safe for dogs can cause serious harm to our feline friends. Products containing permethrin, including Advantix, cause seizures, tremors, twitching, fever and even death. The first signs of toxicity are often dilated pupils and drooling. Always check the package of flea preventatives to ensure they are safe for cats before you apply them. There are plenty of other flea prevention options available that are safe for your cat.
Although our fiesty felines love to frolic with string, wool and ribbons it is important that this play is supervised. If your cat ingests a piece of string it may catch on a piece of intestine or around the base of the tongue causing a the gut to 'concertina' up on itself, resulting in a life threatening bowel obstruction. Symptoms of an obstruction include retching, vomiting, drooling, lethargy and loss of appetite. Be especially careful with your sewing kit as cats have been known to swallow needle and string all in one go.
If you suspect that your cat may have been exposed to anything poisonous or eaten something they shouldn't, the best course of action is to call your veterinarian for further advice.
When Teagan's not busy sharing her knowledge of all things pets as Pet Circle's resident vet, she is the human companion of two intense English staffies and a three-legged cat named Steve.
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