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Hills Prescription Diet b/d Healthy Aging & Alertness is specially formulated to help senior dogs manage the challenges of aging.
Just like humans, as dogs age they can develop cognitive dysfunction (senility) which can result in abnormal behaviours, disorientation and memory loss. Canine cognitive dysfunction is relatively common, with varying studies suggesting that approximately 10-30% dogs are affected by the age of 11 to 12 years.
Signs of Cognitive Dysfunction in Dogs Include:
Canine cognitive dysfunction is thought to be caused by a number of factors. Dogs with cognitive dysfunction show atrophy of the brain, where the brain itself has shrunk in size, and there are fewer neurons (brain cells). They also appear to have increased deposition of beta-amyloid plaques in the brain. Beta-amyloid is a protein that damages neurons and has been linked to cognitive deficits. Oxidative injury from free radicals is thought to increase the amount of beta-amyloid produced in the brain. Other contributing factors to canine cognitive dysfunction are microbleeds or infarctions (blockages) that restrict blood flow to areas of the brain and changes in the levels of certain neurotransmitters.
Studies in dogs have shown that the use of antioxidants, like vitamin C and E and those found in fruits and vegetables, have a positive effect on cognitive function. This is thought to occur because the antioxidants reduce oxidative injury to the brain cells caused by free radicals, which in turn reduces beta-amyloid production. Mitochondrial cofactors, like l-carnitine and lipoic acid, can be beneficial in the diet of dogs with cognitive dysfunction as they help to reduce the production of free radicals. L-carnitine is also important in the metabolism of fat, helping to preserve lean muscle mass, which is especially important in older dogs. Addition of omega 3 fatty acids can also support brain health in dogs, in humans they are thought to prevent the onset of Alzheimers disease, which shares some similar characteristics with canine cognitive dysfunction.
Hills Prescription Diet b/d is formulated to help dogs with signs of cognitive dysfunction. It has been clinically tested to support memory and learning ability in older dogs. It is a good source of vitamin E and C, and contains fruits and vegetables that are rich in naturally occurring antioxidants and minerals. B/d also contains mitochondrial cofactors and omega 3 fatty acids which when fed with high levels of antioxidants, have been demonstrated to improve cognitive function in older dogs. Added L-carnitine also helps older dogs to metabolise fat to maintain a healthy weight and lean muscle mass. Older dogs are more likely to develop other medical conditions including heart and kidney problems. Because of this b/d has controlled levels of phosphorus and protein to support kidney health, as well as lower levels of sodium to maintain normal blood pressure.
Whole Grain Corn, Chicken By-Product Meal, Pork Fat, Brewers Rice, Soybean Mill Run, Flaxseed, Soybean Meal, Fish Meal, Lactic Acid, Chicken Liver Flavor, Dried Egg Product, Soybean Oil, Dried Carrots, Dried Spinach, Dried Grape Pomace, Dried Tomato Pomace, Dried Citrus Pulp, Potassium Chloride, Oat Fiber, Choline Chloride, vitamins (Vitamin E Supplement, L-Ascorbyl-2-Polyphosphate (source of Vitamin C), Niacin Supplement, Thiamine Mononitrate, Vitamin A Supplement, Calcium Pantothenate, Vitamin B12 Supplement, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Riboflavin Supplement, Vitamin D3 Supplement, Folic Acid, Biotin), L-Lysine, Iodized Salt, Calcium Carbonate, L-Tryptophan, Taurine, minerals (Ferrous Sulfate, Zinc Oxide, Copper Sulfate, Manganous Oxide, Calcium Iodate, Sodium Selenite), L-Carnitine, Mixed Tocopherols for freshness, Lipoic Acid, Phosphoric Acid, Beta-Carotene, Natural Flavors.Pet Food Ingredient Glossary / Explanation
These are broad guidelines only, designed to assist with feeding your pet based on their weight, age and activity level. Always check the feeding charts on your pet's food packaging in conjunction with these feeding guidelines. Required amounts may differ between individual pets, and adjustments may be required to maintain optimal body weight.
Once or twice daily feeding is recommended for adult dogs, unless otherwise specified by your veterinarian. Puppies and kittens require feeding more regularly, with the total portion divided into three or four meals throughout the day. Ensure fresh water is available at all times.