Feeding Your Cockatoo
Cockatoos are complicated little animals, and have equally complicated nutritional requirements! Cockatoos in the wild spend most of their time foraging for food, and have adapted to eat a huge variety of foods, including leaves, roots, flowers, grasses, seeds, bark, fruit, and even insects! While it is impractical for most parrot owners to replicate this level of complexity, a healthy and balanced diet is achievable with these tips and tricks.
Contrary to popular belief, seed as the sole source of nutrition is a poor diet for parrots, and is high in fat, but low in lots of important vitamins and minerals. However, many parrots become âaddictedâ to seed due to the high fat content, just like how people can get addicted to junk food. Cockatoos are particularly notorious for getting addicted to seed and refusing to switch to a healthy diet, so the best way is to ensure that they are getting a healthy diet from the beginning.Â
Seed and Pellets
An appropriate diet for a cockatoo should consist of no more than 20% seed. The remainder of the diet should consist of fresh fruit and vegetables, native flowers, and a high quality pellet. Not all birds are accustomed to eating pellets. Transitioning a bird onto a pellet diet is a test of patience but it is totally achievable! Check out our handy guide on Why Your Bird Should Be Eating Pellets for more information.Â
Fresh grass seeds are also a great addition when they are in season during the warmer months.Â Fresh grass seeds can be picked from your lawn in the warmer months, and birds normally love them! Grass seeds are ready for picking once they start to form firm seed heads, and bunches can be hung in the aviary or cage for your birds to forage from. They also make a great environmental enrichment option, promoting natural behaviours. Consider growing some in a pot and letting your birds enjoy them!
Dried seed can also be sprouted, which reduces the fat content and increases the vitamin content. Sprouted seed can be fed once the little sprouts start to turn green, usually in 2-3 days in warm weather. Check out our handy guide on How to Sprout Seed For Your Birds!
Fruits and Vegetables
Suitable fresh fruit and vegetables include pumpkin, sweet potato, leafy greens like spinach, celery, and bok choy, apple, carrot, peas, capsicum, and pear. Avocado, onion, garlic, and ginger are toxic to birds. Fresh food can be cut up into âchop,â which can then be refrigerated for up to a week, or can be fed as whole pieces of fruit and vegetables.
Large or whole pieces of fresh food like pumpkin, cucumber, and cobs of corn with the husk can be fed as-is for a fun activity - parrots love nothing more than to make a mess!Â
Nuts such as walnuts, macadamias, and peanuts are treat foods, and should only be given in small amounts. Cockatoos can have the equivalent of a walnut four times a week for larger birds like sulphur-cresteds, and 3 times a week for smaller birds like galahs. For extra fun, give them the nut unshelled! Other suitable treats include seed sticks, and sweeter fruits like berries, peach, grapes, and banana. Treat foods can be given twice a week. Seed sticks should be removed after an hour, and placed back in the next week, as birds will selectively choose to eat these treats over healthier foods, just like us! Remember to remove seed sticks which have been contaminated with faeces.
Metal feeding bowls are better than plastic bowls, as plastic bowls accumulate tiny scratches throughout their life, which then harbour harmful bacteria and are difficult to clean. It is best to get uncomplicated bowls and dishes, and avoid hooded dishes or feeders with multiple components as they donât stop your birds from being messy, and theyâre impossible to clean. Consider adding bird specific cleaning disinfectants to your home routine to help maintain freshness when sprouting seed and general cleaning of feed containers and cages.Â
We recommend having 3-4 sets of dishes and bowls for your birds so they can be easily cleaned and replaced twice a day. They also allow you to easily mix foods. For example, seed and pellets can be mixed up with vegetable and fruit chop.Â
Multiple fresh water stations should always be available, and avoid placing food and water feeders under perches, as they are more likely to become contaminated with waste.
Using Food as Enrichment
Parrots forage for large amounts of time in the wild, and it is easy to create similar opportunities for pet birds. A plastic cat litter box can be filled partway with dry leaves, hay, or shredded paper, and their daily ration of dry seed can be sprinkled over, providing hours of entertainment!
Snuffle mats designed for dogs and cats are also a great way of getting birds to forage and look for their food.
Food puzzle toys are fantastic for parrots as they have excellent problem solving skills! We stock some excellent parrot-specific toys, and several food puzzle toys designed for dogs are suitable for parrots too. Getting 3-4 different toys allows you to use them in rotation - youâll be surprised at how quickly your parrot figures them out!Â
Finally, natural foliage acts as a beautiful enrichment item, and fresh fruit and vegetables can be hidden amongst the leaves. Do ensure that natural branches and leaves are hosed off and thoroughly sun-dried before using. Native flowers are an excellent addition, especially for Australian birds like cockatoos that have evolved to incorporate nectar, pollen, and petals in their diets.
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