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Hills Prescription Diet k/d Kidney Care is formulated to support your cats kidney health.
The kidneys perform a number of functions vital to your pets health. Most notably they filter waste products from the bloodstream and help to maintain the correct fluid and electrolyte balance to keep the body functioning properly. When greater than 65% of both kidneys is damaged, they are no longer able to perform these functions, resulting in kidney failure.
Signs of kidney failure can include:
Dietary therapy is the mainstay of treatment for kidney failure. Unfortunately chronic kidney failure is a progressive condition, so treatment is aimed at slowing its progression and reducing the symptoms. Damaged kidneys lose their ability to concentrate urine and maintain normal fluid balance in the body. This results in dehydration, which can cause kidney function to deteriorate further. Increasing the water intake of pets with kidney failure is crucial to reduce the workload of the kidney and maintain its protective mechanisms. This can be done by ensuring that pets with kidney failure have free and unlimited access to fresh water, and also by offering wet food as part of the diet.
Chronic kidney failure results in failure of the normal hormonal mechanisms that control blood phosphorus levels. High levels of phosphorus in the blood can cause kidney injury and hasten the progression of kidney failure. Dietary phosphorus restriction has been clinically proven to prolong the survival times of cats and dogs with kidney failure and may also slow the deterioration of kidney function.
An important function of the kidneys is to filter the waste products of dietary protein out of the blood and into the urine. In kidney failure these waste products are not able to be filtered efficiently, causing them to accumulate in the bloodstream. This results in many of the symptoms of kidney failure including vomiting, lethargy and loss of appetite. Reducing the amount of protein in the diet of cats and dogs with kidney failure has been proven to result in a rapid improvement of symptoms and it may also help to slow the diseases progression. While reducing the protein level in the diet of pets with kidney failure is crucial, there still needs to be enough protein present to meet the bodys nutritional demands.
The kidney is a complex organ with many functions which means that kidney failure can result in many different kinds of complications, including the development of high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease and loss of lean muscle mass. Because of the risk of development of high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease, diets for pets with kidney failure should have reduced levels of sodium. The mechanisms of lean muscle mass loss in pets with kidney failure are complex and not fully understood, but may be due to altered blood acid-base balance due to accumulation of waste products, as well as reduced appetite.
K/d Kidney Care protects the kidneys with controlled phosphorus levels and targeted levels of high quality protein. It also has low sodium to support cardiovascular health. K/d Kidney Care helps to reduce loss of body condition in pets with kidney failure. It is formulated to support appetite and promote eating enjoyment and contains a lean muscle support complex. K/d has been clinically tested to improve and lengthen the quality of life of cats with kidney disease.
Water, Pork Liver, Chicken, Pork By-Products, Brewers Rice, Oat Fiber, Corn Starch, Chicken Fat, Dextrose, Potassium Citrate, Psyllium Seed Husk, Guar Gum, Calcium Carbonate, Calcium Sulfate, Fish Oil, vitamins (Vitamin E Supplement, Thiamine Mononitrate, Ascorbic Acid (source of Vitamin C), Niacin Supplement, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Calcium Pantothenate, Vitamin B12 Supplement, Riboflavin Supplement, Biotin, Vitamin D3 Supplement, Folic Acid), DL-Methionine, Choline Chloride, Taurine, Iodized Salt, Cysteine, Glycine, minerals (Zinc Oxide, Ferrous Sulfate, Manganous Oxide, Copper Sulfate, Calcium Iodate, Sodium Selenite), Beta-CarotenePet Food Ingredient Glossary / Explanation
These are broad guidelines only, designed to assist with feeding your pet based on their weight, age and activity level. Always check the feeding charts on your pet's food packaging in conjunction with these feeding guidelines. Required amounts may differ between individual pets, and adjustments may be required to maintain optimal body weight.
Once or twice daily feeding is recommended for adult dogs, unless otherwise specified by your veterinarian. Puppies and kittens require feeding more regularly, with the total portion divided into three or four meals throughout the day. Ensure fresh water is available at all times.