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Hills Prescription Diet u/d Urinary Care Canine is formulated to reduce the risk of bladder stone formation in dogs prone to non-struvite stones.
Bladder stones are formed when mineral crystals in the urine combine to form stone like structures that sit in the bladder. They can come in many different mineral compositions, the most common non-struvite stones are uric acid and oxalate.
Uric acid: Uric acid Crystals form when there is abnormal metabolism of substances known as purines, which are both present in the diet and produced by normal biochemical processes in the body. In normal animals, purines are degraded by enzymes to uric acid. Uric acid is then converted by liver cells to a substance known as allantoin, which is highly water soluble and excreted in the urine. Dalmatian dogs have a genetic abnormality that prevents the liver cells from converting uric acid to allantoin, resulting in the uric acid being excreted straight into the urine. Uric acid is not very water soluble, and so uric acid crystals form in the urine. These crystals can then combine to form stones. Uric acid stones may also be found in dogs with congenital liver shunts and liver disease. Some other breeds of dogs may also carry the same genetic abnormality as dalmatians, but it is very rare. Acidic urine from supplements containing vitamin C and high protein foods in the diet can predispose at risk dogs to developing uric acid stones.
Oxalate: Oxalate crystals are composed of calcium oxalate, and can form for a number of reasons. Some dogs may have a hereditary predisposition to forming stones due to the absence of a substance called nephrocalcin in their urine. Another risk factor for oxalate stone formation in dogs is an excess of calcium or oxalate in the diet, generally from feeding human foods. Some metabolic conditions may also result in the formation of calcium oxalate stones, for example Cushings Disease, which causes increased amounts of calcium to be excreted in the urine. Breeds predisposed to calcium oxalate stones include Schnauzers, Lhasa Apsos, Yorkshire Terriers, Miniature Poodles, Shih Tzus and Bichon Frises. Male dogs represent over 70% of dogs affected.
Signs of bladder stones in dogs include:
Once bladder stones form they often require surgery to remove them, although some may be dissolved over time with the correct urinary support diet. If the underlying cause is not addressed after the stones are removed, crystals will persist in the urine causing them to build up again. Usually your veterinarian will recommend feeding a prescription urinary support diet as part of your dog’s treatment plan. Urinary support diets have controlled levels of protein and minerals to limit the building blocks of urinary crystals and stones. They also contain ingredients that optimise urine pH to interrupt stone formation. There are different types of urinary support diets for dogs that are targeted at different types of crystals and stones, your veterinarian will recommend the right one.
U/d Urinary Care has reduced levels of protein and calcium to limit the building blocks of bladder stones and is designed to maintain your dogs urine at an a slightly alkaline pH level to avoid stone formation.. It also contains added antioxidants to control oxidative injury to cells from free radicals, and support a healthy immune system.
Brewers Rice, Corn Starch, Pork Fat, Egg Product, Powdered Cellulose, Chicken Liver Flavor, Flaxseed, Lactic Acid, Potassium Citrate, Soybean Oil, Calcium Carbonate, L-Lysine, Iodized Salt, Choline Chloride, vitamins (Vitamin E Supplement, Niacin Supplement, Thiamine Mononitrate, Vitamin A Supplement, Calcium Pantothenate, Biotin, Vitamin B12 Supplement, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Riboflavin Supplement, Folic Acid , Vitamin D3 Supplement), Dried Beet Pulp, L-Threonine, Taurine, minerals (Ferrous Sulfate, Zinc Oxide, Manganous Oxide, Copper Sulfate, Calcium Iodate, Sodium Selenite), L-Carnitine, L-Tryptophan, Mixed Tocopherols for freshness, Natural Flavors, Beta-CarotenePet Food Ingredient Glossary / Explanation
These are broad guidelines only, designed to assist with feeding your pet based on their weight, age and activity level. Always check the feeding charts on your pet's food packaging in conjunction with these feeding guidelines. Required amounts may differ between individual pets, and adjustments may be required to maintain optimal body weight.
Once or twice daily feeding is recommended for adult dogs, unless otherwise specified by your veterinarian. Puppies and kittens require feeding more regularly, with the total portion divided into three or four meals throughout the day. Ensure fresh water is available at all times.